As the U.S. Army's primary criminal investigative organization and the DoD's premier investigative organization, CID is responsible for conducting criminal investigations in which the Army is, or may be, a party of interest.
Headquartered at Quantico, Virginia and operating throughout the world, CID Special Agents conduct criminal investigations that range from death to fraud, on and off military reservations and when appropriate, with local, state and other federal investigative agencies.
CID supports the Army through the deployment, in peace and war, of highly trained Special Agents and support personnel, the operation of a certified forensic laboratory, a protective services unit, computer crimes specialists, polygraph services, criminal intelligence collection and analysis and a variety of other services normally associated with law enforcement activities.
CID's mission is the same in both the installation and battlefield environments; however, CID’s traditional roles are expanded once deployed to the battlefield or to a contingency operation. CID’s advanced theater operations often include mentoring local national investigators and police in developing the rule of law, conducting site exploitation and recovery of forensic and biometric evidence and developing criminal intelligence. CID also provides logistics security and conducts protective service and force protection operations. During battlefield operations, CID’s criminal investigations can include war crimes, anti-terrorism and crimes against coalition forces and host nation personnel. Investigating these complex criminal scenarios allows combatant commanders to take the fight to the enemy and most importantly, save lives.
Primary Mission Requirements:
- Investigate serious crime
- Conduct sensitive/serious investigations
- Collect, analyze and disseminate criminal intelligence
- Conduct protective service operations
- Provide forensic laboratory support
- Maintain Army criminal records
Additional Mission Requirements:
- Logistics security (From the manufacturer to the soldier on the battlefield)
- Criminal intelligence (Develop countermeasures to combat subversive activities on the battlefield)
- Criminal investigations (Expanded to include war crimes and in some cases crimes against coalition forces and host nation personnel)
- Protective service operations (Protects key personnel on and off the battlefield)
The mission of The U.S. Army Criminal Investigation Command is to conduct and control all Army investigations of serious crimes, as defined in AR 195-2, and less serious crimes upon request or as needed to enforce Army law or regulations; to provide CID services to all U.S. Army elements; to maintain full knowledge of, and overall responsibility for, Army investigations of offenses involving "controlled substances" as defined in Title 21, U.S. Code, Section 812; to plan for and provide personal security (protective service) for DoD and DA as directed; and to conduct sensitive or special interest investigations as directed by the Chief of Staff, Army, or higher authority. The specific functions and responsibilities of the CID are described in AR 10-87, chapter 17, and AR 195-2.
a. The CID organization structure includes a command headquarters; groups, battalions; a forensic laboratory; a crime records center; protective services battalion, field investigative unit, computer crime unit, and major procurement fraud unit with area field offices, fraud teams and resident agencies; and any other units required to fulfill the assigned mission.
b. Each CID group, battalion, and major procurement fraud field office is assigned a specific geographic area of responsibility (AOR) which it apportions among its subordinate field units.
c. During training exercises or deployments, the geographic AOR may be adjusted either to cover a geographical location or personnel involved in the exercise/deployment. CID support should normally come from the CID unit that habitually supports the maneuver command conducting the exercise/deployment. When, because of limited size of an exercise or mission constraints, no CID element accompanies the deployed unit, responsibility for CID support remains with the CID investigative unit whose geographical AOR the exercise is in. When the AOR is temporarily altered, the group/region who normally has responsibility for the AOR will be provided information copies of all reports generated.
Headquarters, U.S. Army Criminal Investigation Command:
The CID Headquarters is responsible to ensure accomplishment of the mission assigned to the command by AR 10-87, chapter 17. The Commanding General is responsible for all command operational and inspection activities. The Deputy Commander is responsible for normal field investigative operations and forensic laboratory investigative support. The Chief of Staff is responsible for headquarters operational support in areas of operational policy and guidance, criminal intelligence, criminal investigative legal counsel, crime records maintenance, information management, personnel, logistics, resource management, public affairs, internal review, Army Reserve unit functions, and Freedom of Information and Privacy Act (FOIA/PA) releases. CIDR 10-2 describes in detail the headquarters organization structure and its functions.
U.S. Army Crime Records Center:
The U.S. Army Crime Records Center (USACRC) receives, maintains, accounts for, disseminates information from, and disposes of Army crime records; retrieves and correlates data and statistics from the records and provides to authorized recipients; coordinates automation of crime records data and information; serves as functional proponent for the electronic imaging of crime records; and administers the CID polygraph and FOIA/PA programs.
The Director of the USACRC is accorded dual-hatted status as a staff principal in HQCID and as the Director of the Crime Records Center under direct supervision of the Deputy Commander, CID.
The USACRC assigns unit identifier numbers to CID and military police (MP) elements for law enforcement reporting purposes; coordinates organizational changes for information/statistical data collection and reporting.
The USACRC maintains offense codes for law enforcement reporting and coordinates the establishment of newly requested codes.
a. Establishes and monitors Army law enforcement polygraph policies and procedures reflected in AR195-6. Initiates/coordinates staff actions and research on polygraph matters.
b. Performs quality control of CID polygraph operations.
(1) Evaluates requests for polygraph examinations and approves or disapproves each request.
(2) Causes name checks to be conducted on all potential polygraph examinees for criminal background information and reports detailed results to the examination requester.
(3) Reviews polygraph examination documentation, and analyzes and interprets each polygraph examination to ensure technical sufficiency.
(4) Reviews all report of investigations (ROIs) and MP reports in which a polygraph examination was conducted to ensure inclusion of correct polygraph documentation and to establish confirmation of the technique employed.
(5) Performs random reviews of ROIs to ensure appropriate utilization of the polygraph.
c. Provides staff and technical supervision of CID polygraph resources.
(1) Evaluates and selects applicants.
(2) Evaluates intern examiners for certification.
(3) Initiates action to withdraw polygraph certification.
(4) Reviews personnel and quality control records of polygraph examiners and recommends assignments to HQCID and warrant officer assignments officer, Personnel Services Command (PERSCOM).
(5) Collects and maintains historical data on examiners and examinations. Provides advice and guidance in all polygraph matters to field examiners.
(6) Researches available equipment and recommends upgrading of polygraph instruments.
d. Conducts polygraph examinations of CID special agents and for high visibility investigations of interest to the Secretary of the Army, Chief of Staff, Army or the Commander, CID; and in support of research studies directed by DoD or DA, resources permitting.
e. Supports the DoD polygraph training program.
(1) Serves on the DoD Oversight Committee on matters pertaining to the DoD Polygraph Institute and/or DoD Polygraph Program.
(2) Prepares and presents lectures and instruction on polygraph techniques.
f. Provides to DoD on a semiannual basis statistics on CID polygraph use.
Crime Records Division:
a. Exercises overall responsibility for record accessioning and reviewing files for destruction, or archiving at the end of the long-term retention period; conducts name and worldwide locator checks and releases records for DoD, DA and other law enforcement purposes.
b. Provides support to law enforcement activities.
(1) Searches crime records for specific modus operandi to assist authorized requesters in solving crime or preparing crime studies.
(2) Prepares HQCID approved statistical analyses of crime trends. Identifies, segregates and develops required information; provides data to functional proponent or requester.
(3) Administers the "CID Wanted Fugitive" Program.
c. Interfaces with all automation efforts as relates to crime records.
d. Supports the Military Police Investigator (MPI) Program.
(1) Reviews MPI applications for compliance with eligibility criteria (AR 190-30).
(2) Conducts name/records checks on MPI applicants; provides PERSCOM with appropriate information.
(3) Maintains an accreditation roster of MPI personnel, and others authorized access to crime history records.
Processing Branch, Crime Records Division:
a. Administratively processes records and reports from Army and other law enforcement agencies.
(1) Reviews during the accessioning process incoming reports for administrative accuracy and completeness; extracts pertinent data from records; completes source documents for data reduction; notes deficiencies and communicates with contributors; and prepares file folders for long-term retention.
(2) Screens incoming records to comply with retention policies in AR 380-13.
(3) Assigns USACRC MP report numbers when needed to identify Federal Bureau of Investigation, Air Force Office of Special Investigations, Naval Criminal Investigative Service and Polygraph-Only reports.
(4) Inputs reports and performs quality control of automated and hard copy reports. Communicates with field elements in matters of reporting.
(5) On an annual basis, assigns MP report numbers to major Army commands and ROI case numbers to individual CID units.
b. Prepares information encoded from case files for data systems application.
(1) Performs data entry, verification, and quality control of data entry.
(2) Transfers data to appropriate processing facilities.
(3) Produces internal quality control data for use by USACRC and HQCID.
c. In coordination with the submitting CID or MP unit, updates/corrects erroneous data in computerized criminal history files.
d. Produces ADP products for command users.
(1) Prepares operating documentation.
(2) Coordinates with requesters to ensure suitability of data and useable format.
(3) Collates and dispatches output to users.
(4) Assists users in data interpretation.
e. Assists computer operators in scheduling and distributing products. Coordinates all automation efforts of Army crime records.
f. Performs USACRC electronic imaging of Army crime records including quality control.
Records Maintenance Branch, Crime Records Division:
a. Receives, reviews, and codes all initial and status ROI to accomplish a name or records check and to permit processing by the data processing division. Takes corrective action on deficient reports.
b. Redirects operational mail such as Automated Criminal Information Reporting System (ACIRS) ROIs to appropriate divisions within the CRC.
c. Conducts name or records checks requested by authorized personnel.
(1) Searches indices to determine if a file exists; if so, locates, extracts, reproduces or summarizes and dispatches appropriate information to requester. This includes inquiries of the National Crime Information Center (NCIC) and Interstate Identification Index (III) files.
(2) Procures files from other agencies, reviews and extracts derogatory information and forwards to requester.
(3) Maintains all USACRC file indices.
(4) Prior to release of information, reviews all investigative files to ensure compliance with AR 380-13 and other regulations.
(5) Maintains audit trails on all records released.
(6) Maintains statistical data on FOIA/PA checks for the FOIA/PA Division.
d. Initiates action to correct errors identified in the release process.
e. Provides worldwide locator checks for authorized requesters.
f. For overseas CID units, manages the CID program for the NCIC for lost/stolen weapons and other select property.
g. Files and retrieves criminal records, polygraph examination reports, and Wiretapping Investigative Monitoring Eavesdropping Activities (WIMEA) documents.
h. Performs files and data research.
(1) Identifies and segregates needed files.
(2) Performs initial analysis of extracted files.
(3) Collates information into required format.
i. Provides copier services.
(1) Upon request, reproduces CID and MP case report material, special documents, registers, etc.
(2) Schedules and performs various machine preventive maintenance and ensures supply services.
j. Updates records and indices to reflect supplemental or changed data from court-martial records and CID status reports.
k. Reviews and releases copies of records to authorized DoD/DA agencies.
l. Prepares and transfers records to the Federal Records Center.
FOIA/PA Release Division:
a. Develops CID policy for FOIA/PA implementation.
b. Processes FOIA/PA requests for access to CID records.
(1) Obtains comments from the record proponent and from interested HQCID staff elements as required or appropriate.
(2) Processes and releases appropriate records, and maintains account of all disclosures.
(3) Denies, on behalf of the Commanding General, the request when appropriate.
c. Coordinates the release of appropriate information with DoD and other Federal executive branch agencies; maintains associated disclosure records, and informs the record system custodian.
d. Processes requests for amendment of CID records.
(1) Coordinates with HQCID Staff Judge Advocate (SJA), Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations (DCSOPS) and the investigating group for comments/recommendations to grant or deny the request and coordinates with CID Deputy Chief of Staff for Support (DCSSPT) on special agent accreditation files. Forwards to the Deputy Commanding Officer (DCO), CID, for decision those actions for which unanimous agreement on granting or denying the request cannot be made.
(2) If request is granted, takes all actions to effect the amendment, and notify the requester.
(3) If amendment is denied, informs the requester.
e. Coordinates all appeals with HQCID SJA and the General Counsel, Department of the Army.
f. Refers information outside CID release authority to the appropriate authority for response to the requester.
g. Coordinates release of military police reports with the Chief, Security, Force Protection and Law Enforcement Division, ODCSOPS, HQDA.
h. Coordinates all press releases with Office of the Chief of Public Affairs (OCPA), HQCID.
i. As an exception to the preceding tasks, HQCID SJA processes all requests from Congressional, White House, and special interest inquires (Secretary of Defense, Secretary of the Army, Chief of Staff, Army), or when so directed by the Command Group.
Defense Forensic Science Center & U.S. Army Criminal Investigation Laboratory:
The U.S. Army Criminal Investigation Laboratory examines crime-related evidence to assist investigators in solving crime.
a. Provides forensic laboratory service (comprising forensic chemical analysis, photography and examination of latent prints/impressions, documents, firearms and toolmarks) to authorized requesters.
(1) Examines evidence in-house and prepares reports of findings.
(2) Collects and examines evidence at selected crime scenes.
(3) Provides expert witness testimony at courts martial.
b. Operates a U.S. Army school to train and certify individuals in all of the forensic disciplines.
c. Provides technical management to the CID Criminalistics Program, pertaining to electronic surveillance, visual information equipment, and evidence collection equipment/techniques.
CID Investigative Units:
The commander of each CID investigative unit is responsible for the conduct of all criminal investigative activity within the geographic AOR. Specific functions are:
a. Command subordinate elements.
b. Supervise the conduct of criminal investigations; ensure compliance with CID investigative policies and procedures.
c. Keep supported commanders fully informed of the status of criminal investigations concerning personnel or facilities under their command, unless information is withheld under the provisions of paragraph 3-14a, AR 195-2.
d. Perform drug suppression operations.
e. Perform crime prevention surveys.
f. Provide protective services.
g. Establish and operate a criminal intelligence program.
h. Establish and operate a source program.
i. Maintain liaison with civil and other military investigative agencies.
j. Provide crime statistics to the Commanding General, CID, and to supported commanders as required or requested.
CID Group Headquarters:
The CID group headquarters is the command and control field organization directly subordinate to HQCID, responsible for providing CID support on a geographical basis through its assigned operating units. The group headquarters exercises command and control of its subordinate units, provides technical guidance, and offers centralized financial, administrative, personnel, logistics, and legal staff support.
The CID battalion is the basic operating unit of the command responsible for command and control of investigative activities within the geographic AOR assigned by the parent group. All CID battalions provide management, logistical and administrative support to subordinate offices that are responsible for conducting investigative activities within their assigned geographical AOR. Some offices operate as autonomous units, having both investigative and management capability. An office may be assigned specialized CID functions, e.g., liaison with a MACOM, which extend beyond its usual AOR.
701st MP Group (CID):
a. The 701st MP Group (CID) is the command and control element directly subordinate to HQCID responsible for conduct and control of specialized missions.
b. The major subordinate units of the 701st MP GP (CID) are the Protective Services Unit, Field Investigative Unit, Major Procurement Fraud Unit and the Computer Crimes Investigative Unit.
c. The commander of each MPFU activity is responsible for the conduct of their mission within the geographical area of responsibility delineated in CIDR 10-1.
U.S. Army Protective Services Battalion:
a. Plans for and provides personal security for the Office of the Secretary of Defense, Joint Chiefs of Staff, and Headquarters, Department of the Army, and the Army National Guard as directed by the Deputy Secretary of Defense.
b. Prepares and implements protective service security plans.
c. Maintains liaison with the NCIS, AFOSI, U.S. Army Deputy Chief of Staff for Intelligence, FBI, U.S. Secret Service (USSS) and other intelligence and enforcement agencies on personal security matters of mutual concern.
d. Coordinates with the offices of the Director of the Army Staff and Chief of Staff, Army, and Assistant to Secretary of Defense for Personal Security on requests for protective service.
e. Develops doctrine pertaining to protective service operations.
f. Determines protective service training requirements for CID personnel, and coordinates implementation with the Training Branch, ODCSOPS, HQCID.
g. Provides technical advice and guidance to CID field elements on protective service matters.
Field Investigative Unit:
a. Investigates criminal allegations involving highly classified Army programs and other sensitive situations of interest to the Secretary of the Army and the Chief of Staff, Army.
b. Provides investigative support for other Army organizations where the security requirements exceed available investigative resource capability.
Major Procurement Fraud Unit:
a. The MPFU is responsible for the supervision and conduct of all investigations of allegations of fraud, defective pricing, corruption, kickbacks, antitrust violations and miscellaneous other incidents involving major procurement actions.
b. The MPFU fraud field office (FFO) is the basic operating unit of the organization conducting investigative activities within the geographical area of responsibility assigned by the MPFU.
c. The MPFU FFO is an investigative unit consisting of six or more special agents and is assigned to HQ, MPFU for command, control, and overall management. It is assigned an area of responsibility. The FFO has full operational capability, however, only limited clerical/ administrative capability. Each FFO is identified by a unique CID unit number and maintains its own operational files.
d. The MPFU resident agency is a small operational element responsible for investigative operations within a limited geographical area of responsibility, and preparation of resultant reports. The resident agency is authorized one to four special agents, has no administrative capability, and is completely dependent upon its parent unit (the MPFU FFO) for all clerical, administrative, and logistical support. The resident agency retains a unique number identifier.
Computer Crime Investigative Unit:
a. Performs worldwide felony criminal investigations involving intrusions into Army computer network/systems.
b. Recommends changes to USACIDC policy, through the DCSOPS, relating to all aspects of computer crime.
c. Maintains a cell of highly trained, experienced special agents with appropriate clearances and access to conduct investigations involving computer crimes and to provide technical expertise within USACIDC on information technology.
d. Provides for the conduct and monitoring of investigations involving computer intrusions and incidents Army-wide.
e. Provides support to USACIDC elements concerning sensitive and specialized computer crime investigations.
f. Provides for technical assistance to USACIDC field offices as needed.
g. Provides for a USACIDC representative at computer crime related committee meetings, working groups or other similar meetings.
h. Provides for USACIDC liaison with other governmental agencies on computer crime related issues.
i. Provides for law enforcement support to the Army C2 Protect program.
j. Provides for the maintenance of criminal intelligence data on computer related issues.
k. Reports on the evaluations of and recommends approval of training courses necessary to prepare USACIDC special agents for the investigation of computer crimes.
l. Performs worldwide vulnerability assessments concerning US Army networks.
Terrorism and Criminal Investigation Unit:
a. Conducts worldwide criminal investigations of alleged or suspected war crimes and acts of terrorism against U.S. persons, property or interests.
b. Provides specialized investigative, legal, and analytical support to Military Commissions, as well as to U.S. Army counterterrorism and counterinsurgency operations in support of host nation rule of law operations.