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News | April 26, 2018

CID Lookout: ‘Sextortion’ Scams Continue to Occur; Don’t Give Into Scammer’s Demands

The U.S. Army Criminal Investigation Command’s Computer Crime Investigative Unit (CCIU)
continues to caution the Army community to be on the lookout for all types of “sextortion scams” where
criminals will use any dishonest method to make contact with potential victims and then attempt to blackmail them.

“To avoid falling prey to a sextortionist never send compromising photos or videos of yourself to anyone, whether you know
them or think you know them,” said Special Agent Daniel Andrews, director of CCIU. “Turn off your electronic devices and
physically block web cameras when you are not using them.”

Officials describe “sextortion scams” as cyber sexual extortion where perpetrators conduct schemes that leverage online
sexual acts for financial gain or other forms of blackmail.

In addition, when using a legitimate online dating site, victims are more apt to provide personal information and or
participate in online “compromising acts;” however, CID officials are warning the Army community to be very
cautious of their online communications activity and not share intimate, personal information with strangers or people
you have never met in person.

“These criminals will try to get unsuspecting service members to engage in online sexual activities and then demand money
or favors in exchange for not publicizing potentially embarrassing information or turning them over to law enforcement,”
said Andrews.

Once the Soldier sends a compromising photo or participates in a video chat, the perpetrator threatens to send those images
to the Soldier’s command, family, and friends unless “ransom money” is paid, according to CCIU officials. One recent
scam is where the criminal will claim that the Soldier sent sexual images to a minor, who has now become the alleged
victim, and threaten to report the Soldier to law enforcement unless a monetary fee is paid.

“If you meet a person on a legitimate online dating site there is very little chance that you are actually communicating with
an underage person,” Andrews said. “It is therefore very unlikely that you sent or received child pornography or provided
your images/videos to a minor. If you met someone online who later claims to be underage you should immediately cease
all communications with that person and notify Army CID.”

“It is important to also keep in mind that law enforcement, to include Army CID, will never agree not take legal action if you
agree to pay [ransom] money to the alleged victim or to the alleged victim's family,” he said. “If law enforcement gets
involved early on, there are investigative steps that may help identify the perpetrators responsible for victimizing Army
personnel.”

Another way that the criminals attempt to extort money is to claim that they are a lawyer working on behalf of the alleged
victim. The scammer will request payments are made for things such as counseling for the alleged victim and to replace
electronic devices that now contain child pornography. If these demands are not met the person alleging to be the lawyer
threatens to report the incident to law enforcement.

Andrews said legitimate organizations will not contact you and ask for money in lieu of reporting you to law
enforcement and typically law enforcement will not attempt to make contact with you over the phone. If you are
contacted via telephone, always request validating information such as an agency email address and offer to
meet in person at a law enforcement facility before proceeding with giving out your personal information.

“Stop communication immediately with these individuals and do not send money because it will not stop the criminal
from demanding more money from you,” CCIU officials said. “CCIU is aware of instances where scammers threatened
to release videos unless a second or even a third payment is made.”

Unfortunately, these incidents continue to occur on the internet across the globe, and sextortion victims are encouraged to
seek the assistance of law enforcement. Army CID agents say they can help if you find yourself in any of these types of
predicaments.

“Victims are at risk of further exploitation, that can include demands for additional payments, more sexual images,
sensitive military information, or access to U.S. Army systems and facilities, so early notification to law enforcement is
important,” CID agents emphasized.

For more information on how these scams unfold and how to identify sextortion red flags, see the Joint Service Sextortion brochure.
https://www.cid.army.mil/assets/docs/2can/JointServiceSextortionBrochure.pdf

If you have been the victim of sextortion, adhere to the following:
• DO preserve whatever information you have from the scammer(s), such
as social networking profile, email accounts used, where money was
directed to be sent, etc.
• DO notify CCIU at usarmy.cciuintel@mail.mil to report being a victim if you are a service member
or an Army civilian employee. If you are not associated with the military, report the crime to your local police
department, DHS Homeland Security Investigations at Assistance.Victim@ice.dhs.gov, or
the FBI’s Internet Crime Complaint Center at www.ic3.gov.

Victims can seek information on rights and assistance from:
• ArmyVictim/Witness Liaison Program - VWL will assist victim in contacting agencies or individuals
responsible for providing necessary services and relief.
• Command Chaplains.
• Family Advocacy Center/Army Community Service.
• If victims are not eligible for military services, or where military services are not available, the VWL can
provide liaison assistance in seeking any available nonmilitary services within the civilian community.

For more information about computer security, other computer-related scams and to review previous cyber- crime 
alert notices and cyber-crime prevention flyers visit the Army CID CCIU website at http://www.cid.army.mil/cciuadvisories.html.